Unless noted otherwise, these fonts (Unicode for some) can be downloaded free of charge. It is also worth noting that various software for Chinese input operating under Win95/98/NT/2000/ME/XP now support third-party, Unicode, TrueType Fonts (TTF). In addition, MS Office 2000 comes with two huge, megabyte-sized, Chinese Unicode fonts; viz., PMingLiU (8.6 MB) and SimSun (10.5 MB). A sample of a Unicode-encoded text file for reading with web browser set for the SimSun font is nan2_txt_test and nan2_utf-8_test). Or test those pages using the multilingual Arial Unicode MS font (23.6 MB). At my website, one frequently-visited, UTF8-encoded webpage is Word Lists and Online Glossaries/Dictionaries. (Click your 'BACK' button to return to this page.) For more info on Unicode, see my ChinaLinks3 subsection on Unicode and Chinese Character Sets and Internal Codes.) Also, freely bundled with Windows, is a small utility program, Character Map (under 'Accessories'), which can display/access the letters and symbols in a selected font. The version for Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000 (and maybe Windows Me also?) can display/access all letters, symbols, *and* double-byte CJK characters in a font. See Character Map in English Windows 95/98 versus English Windows 2000 for illustration of how one can use the Character Map program in Windows 2000 for copying and pasting CJK characters into one's file, especially CJK characters that are difficult to access using conventional romanization input methods that do not provide ready access all the CJK characters in a font. The program can also be used to input Pinyin with tone diacritics available in Times New Roman, Arial, and other freely-available fonts that are Unicode-based and are not software-specific fonts. Character Map also has an 'Advanced View' option with useful search functions, such as searching for specific character sets, searching for a specific CJK character using Unicode's code for that character, searching via grouping of CJK characters by radical plus stroke count (i.e., Group by: 'Ideographs by Radical'), and searching for a subrange of Unicode in a large font such as Arial Unicode MS, containing 51,180 glyphs; i.e., all the glyphs in Unicode 2.1.
- Arial Unicode MS Font. This full Unicode font (<aruniupd.exe>, 13.7 MB; 23.6 MB when installed), which can be downloaded from Microsoft, is included with all versions of MS Office 2000 Service Release 1 (SR-1). It is currently probably the only Unicode font that contains at least all of the approximately 40,000 glyphs (that is, alphabetical characters, ideographic/logographic characters and their variants, and symbols) that are defined in the Unicode 2.1 standard, including English, CJK and scripts of numerous other languages, as well as diacritic marks and symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). The Arial Unicode MS font contains a much larger set of glyphs than the earlier Bitstream Cyberbit fonts (see below). (The Arial Unicode MS Font is no longer available for downloading from Microsoft's website, but can be downloaded at other websites, such as the CHILDES Project, from their CHILDES Tools webpage (the 'Arial Unicode' font).)
- Bitstream Cyberbit Fonts (NB: No longer freely downloadable from Bitstream.) Unicode (international) fonts; includes Chinese (traditional and simplified, as well as vernacular (Cantonese) characters and more rarely-used Chinese characters); does not contain IPA symbols; 13MB file; 26,218-glyphs; for Windows 95/98/NT platforms. Software for Chinese input that supports third-party TrueType fonts (e.g., RichWin 97 Pro for Windows 95/98) can select the Cyberbit fonts. Cyberbit fonts are no longer downloadable from Bitstream's website, but can be downloaded at other sites such as IFCSS and Netscape's FTP sites. For example, read Netscape's info onBitstream Cyberbit Installation and Usage Guide. Cyberbit Version 2.0, and download the zipped file, cyberbit.zip, from Netscape's FTP Site: Cyberbit Fonts (tip from Thomas Chan for Netscape's site for Cyberbit 2.0). (For other commercial, multilingual, Unicode fonts include those from Monotype, given below.)
- CTDL's CJK Unicode Fonts. Hong Kong-based, China Type Design Limited's Win95/NT fonts (unspecified for Chinese/English Windows); many other font sets (postscript, truetype) for Windows and Mac's may also be ordered from them.
- David Branner's Neouiue Mac Font (based on the New York font) and Shyrbaw Mac Font (based on the Times font) include Pinyin tone diacritics over vowels and are available upon request from David Prager Branner<[email protected]> (Director, Yuen Ren Society for the Promotion of Chinese Dialect Fieldwork). Also freely available upon request is his Longyan Mac Font, which is monowidth and can place any diacritic over anycharacter (vowel or consonant).
- Chinese Fonts. Bitmapped fonts (for Mac/PC) from Yamada Language Center.
- Chinese Pinyin Fonts. Times Roman TrueType fonts with tone diacritics for Mandarin Chinese; for Windows and Mac; designed by Chin-chuan Cheng for the CORA Project. See Chinese Pinyin Font Layout. These Windows and Mac, cross-platform-compatible fonts can also be displayed on the Web.
- DOC IPA Font. Downloadable from Chin-chuan Cheng's website at CUHK is a TrueType font that is a subset of IPA symbols for Windows designed for the Dialects of China (DOC) database.
- DynaLab (renamed DynaComware). US website for Taiwan-based Dynalab (Hua Kang) commercial CJK fonts, including for Cantonese and other non-standard Chinese characters; for Asian Windows. See also their Hong Kong website at DynaLab H.K., with info on the Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS).
- EasyTone. James Dew's freely downloadable TrueType Times Roman and Courier fonts for Windows and Macs have non-spacing tone marks that are easily entered with single keystrokes and can be placed over any letter, including umlaut-u (i.e., tone marks work as if they were on dead keys). EasyTone can be used for Hanyu Pinyin romanization as well as Yale romanization of Cantonese.
- PinTone 6 Plus. Shou-hsin Teng's fonts and macros for MS Word 6/7 for Windows and other platforms; PinTone 6 is fonts minus macros for older platforms; sold by Cheng and Tsui.
- Pinyinput. The Chinese Forum's freely downloadable IME for WinNT/2000/XP authored by Imron Alston for inputting Pinyin-with-tone-diacritics (subscriber registration required). Chinese Forum has also permitted Erik Peterson to host the program at his On-line Chinese Tools. Download the zip file: <pinyinput-install.zip>. A quick set of instructions for using Pinyinput is downloadable here as a PDF file.
Note: Once installed, Pinyinput works at the system level similar to a regular Chinese IME; hence, it allows one to enter Pinyin-with-tone-diacritics in any Windows program. It outputs Unicode and displays in Unicode fonts (e.g., Simsum (18030), Times New Roman, Arial, etc.). Pinyinput operates in two main modes. The default is the 'checked' mode for entering the tone diacritics on vowels in Pinyin romanization; the 'unchecked' mode allows the diacritics to fall on any letter of the user's choosing, thereby supporting other romanization systems (e.g., Yale romanization for Cantonese).
- PinyinTones. This is Tao Yue's freely downloadable Pinyin input program that is similar to Pinyinput (see above), but is specifically written for the newer, Windows Vista and Windows 7 operating systems (hence, for 32- and 64-bit Windows). Also, see more screenshots and technical details on PinyinTones at the Chinese Forum site.
- Zev Handel's TimesPinyin Fonts. Macintosh TrueType font for Pinyin syllables (including those with umlaut-u), with tone mark option, and allows for convenient sorting. For Mac OS system X.3 and above, Zev Handel has also created a keyboard layout (an xml document) -- Zev Handel's TimesPinyin Keyboard Layout -- that converts keystrokes similar to those used for the old TimesPinyin font into Unicode. (Note: The keyboard conversion works for any Unicode font containing the correct codepoints; it cannot be used with the older, pre-Unicode fonts.)
- Pinyin Font Converter. Freely downloadable utility for Macs from The Fool's Workshop. It converts texts between many of the popular Pinyin fonts: PinTone, EasyTone, TimesPinyin, Rich's Pinyin, New Pinyin, Chinese Pinyin, AddTones, syllable-final tone numbers, etc.; developed by Konrad Mitchell Lawson, who also maintains Pinyin Fonts Online, a handy source for links and info on the methods used in the different fonts for inputting Pinyin tone diacritics. The latest tool is his online Pinyin to Unicode Converter: given Pinyin romanization with syllable-final tone numbers, the program will separately return Unicode text with tone marks and HTML encoding.
- QuickPin Pinyin Input. A system developed by Nigel Greenwood for inputting Pinyin romanized Chinese text using current versions of Internet Explorer, Mozilla and Netscape.
- Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set. Information updating Hong Kong's GCCS (Government Chinese Character Set) extension (1995) to Big5, consisting of 3049 characters. The character set has been revised and renamed the Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS) in September 1999. The site includes a downloading site for the latest version of the HKSCS font.
- Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set (HKSCS) (Microsft, HK) Freely-downloadable HKSCS fonts from Microsoft for Windows. (Thanks to Thomas Chan) [Note: The EUDC fonts for P-Win, used in PRC, contain 1,500+ HK-specific characters that are not already in GBK. (GBK (GB 13000) is a 1993 expansion of the 1980 code, Guo Biao (GB 2312), to incorporate Chinese characters (glyphs) in Unicode not found in GB. Hence, GBK contains 21,000+ Simplified and Traditional Chinese characters (compared to around 7,000 in GB). (Number of HK-specific characters in GB 18030?) The EUDC fonts for C-Win, used in Taiwan, contain 3,000+ HK-specific characters that are not in Big5.]
- HKUST End-User Defined Characters (EUDC). Info on Big5 extensions for vernacular Cantonese characters for different operating systems, plus downloading font sites for different OS's, including CWin95; from Hong Kong U. of Science and Techology. (Big5)
- Pat Moran's Tone Fonts and AddTones. Included is AddTones, for adding tone marks at end of Pinyin syllables on Mac's.
- Monotype. Monotype's website provides information on Unicode: Introduction, Unicode fonts, and their multilingual, commercial fonts. Their Arial Unicode MS font is included with all versions of Microsoft Office 2000 Service Release 1 (SR-1). While OpenType tables are not yet complete for all languages (Indian ones in particular), this is probably the only TrueType font that covers the entire range of Unicode 2.1 without missing glyphs. (Based on 06/09/99 info from Chris Wendt and Chris Pratley (both of Microsoft) passed along by Petr Mares.) Hence, included in that font set would be Chinese traditional and simplified characters, Cantonese vernacular characters, andthe International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)! Update (10/29/00): The Arial Unicode MS font (aruniupd.exe) is 13.7 MB in size, and *was* downloadable from Microsoft's Office Update page on the Arial Unicode MS Font for Publisher 2000 (08/07/02). That webpage had stated the following: 'The font Arial Unicode MS is a full Unicode font, containing all of the approximately 40,000 alphabetical characters, ideographic characters, and symbols defined in the Unicode 2.1 standard.' The Arial Unicode MS font is now bundled with Microsoft Office 2000, MS Office XP, MS Publisher 2002, and MS Internet Explorer 5.5 (and above?). (The Arial Unicode MS Font can be downloaded at such websites as the CHILDES Project, from their CHILDES Tools webpage (the 'Arial Unicode' font).) The existence of fonts such as the Arial Unicode MS font -- 23.6 MB when installed, containing 51,180 glyphs -- is enabling libraries such as those at the Ohio State University to set up online library catalogs that can display Unicode-encoded CJK and other non-Roman characters using a single Unicode font. Our Japanese studies librarian, Maureen Donovan, has been testing this successfully under Windows 2000 using the Arial Unicode MS font. (The font also displays fine under Windows 98.)
- Rich's PinYin Fonts for Mac OS and Windows. Fonts developed by Rich D., originally for Mac's; tone diacritics can be placed over any letter (vowel or consonant).
- Sunrise's Cantonese Character Set. The company's 100-plus (software-internal) character set as free add-on to their EWin software.
- SIL Encore IPA Fonts. Summer Institute of Linguistics' International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) TrueType fonts (1990 and 1993 revisions available) for PC's and Mac's (these fonts are PC/Mac-compatible, and the SIL IPA93 fonts are viewable on the WWW (e.g., with MS Internet Explorer 3x); has 118 IPA characters, 76 diacritics, 23 tone marks (i.e., tone letters), etc.; keyboard redefinition utilities for these fonts also free. Commercially-available is their SIL Encore Fonts Package for PC's and Mac's, which includes tone marks (tone letters) for the neutral tone (at all five pitch heights), as well as a full set of simple (unidirectional) and complex (bidirectional) tone letters for transcribing citation and (changed) sandhi tones. The package also contains a font editor and compiler for font-creation/customization.
- STEDT Fonts. TrueType Mac fonts with tone diacritics; used in conjunction with CLK to transcribe Sino-Tibetan languages, including Burmese and Vietnamese; from UC Berkeley's Sino-Tibetan Etymological Dictionary and Thesaurus (STEDT) Project. A postscript version is also available, and a Windows version is in preparation.
- TrueType Core Fonts for the Web. Microsoft's downloading site for the latest Mac and PC versions of Unicode fonts for Times New Roman, Arial, Courier New, etc., that would enable display of Pinyin-with-tone diacritics on the web. (See Gyula Zsigri's informative webpage on CJK Fonts, input methods and other useful tips and links to downloading sites.)
- Yamada Language Center's Chinese Fonts. Bitmapped, Mac font based on Helvetica, but with modified diacritics for tones for Pinyin romanization with tone diacritics, and a bitmapped font for Windows in the Kaishu style. (They also have fonts for other languages, as well as several downloadable Phonetic Fonts (mainly for Mac's).)
- 51Fonts.com. Freely-downloadable PC and Macs fonts, including Chinese fonts (but watch for lots of cookies).
- Morison proposed an older Monotype typeface named Plantinas a basis for the design, and Times New Roman mostly matches Plantin's dimensions. The main change was that the contrast between strokes was enhanced to give a crisper image. The new design made its debut in The Timeson 3 October 1932.
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The best website for free high-quality Mac Times New Roman fonts, with 43 free Mac Times New Roman fonts for immediate download, and 62 professional Mac Times New Roman.
Other Free Fonts, Font Utility Programs, Etc.:TwinBridge's Unicode TrueType Chinese fonts for MS Office and the Internet. [Note: Windows software that supports third-party TrueType fonts can use Microsoft's and TwinBridge's Unicode CJK fonts for character input.] See also Linguist List: Fonts, etc. SIL's Fonts in Cyberspace for links to general and specialized fonts. Note: SIL's Fonts in Cyberspace: Other Fonts webpage includes downloadable Mac utilities for converting between Windows and Mac TrueType fonts (viz., TTAdopter, TTConverter). Also see Apple - Font Tools.
Download Times New Roman
Times Newer Roman is designed to add length to any academic paper that has page requirements and also requires the use of Times New Roman. Just download, install via fontBook or your preferred font management software, and swap to Times Newer Roman. Times Newer Roman is actually an altered version of Nimbus Roman No.9 L (1), a free and open-source font meant to mimic the size and look of the original Times New Roman typeface. The few minor changes that have been made are in pursuit of widening the letters and the spaces between letters without changing their vertical heights at all. This means that a paper of given word count will have more length when rendered in Times Newer Roman instead of the old Times New Roman—hopefully without being noticeable to whoever's job it is to grade the paper.
The x–height (2) of all lowercase letters has been increased by about 5% so that they sit wider at the same point size. Certain letters that can be widened easily, like the 'n', 'u', 'v', 'y', among others, have been edited manually. The size of punctuation has been increased by 15% across the board and the spaces around them increased proportionally.
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