Tor, short for The Onion Router, is a tool to anonymize your web traffic.
OS X Mountain Lion (version 10.8) is the ninth major release of OS X (previously Mac OS X, now called macOS), Apple Inc.' S desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. OS X Mountain Lion was released on July 25, 2012 for purchase and download through Apple's Mac App Store, as part of a switch to releasing OS X versions online and every year, rather than every two years or so. Mac OS X Lion Free Download. October 19, 2016 March 8, 2017 Muhammad. Mac OS X Lion is a seventh powerful and major release of Mac OS X. It is a standalone Bootable DVD DMG Image installer of Lion OS X. Mac OSX Lion Overview. Apple has introduced many operating systems, Mac OS X is one of the powerful and stable releases from Apple. If you need to purchase Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, you may order it from this page. The most current version of OS X is OS X 10.9 Mavericks. To learn more, please click here. What do you receive: An email with a content code for the Mac App Store. Note: Content codes are usually delivered within 1 business day but may occasionally take longer. This doesn't jive with my experience trying to build Tor on OS X Lion. Perhaps infowolfe and I have different Xcode versions. I installed Xcode 4.1 (4B110) from the App Store after installing Lion. In any case, Apple seems to have deprecated a boatload of OpenSSL APIs, so Tor fails to build with -enable-gcc-warnings (log attached).
Tor is simple to use and yet incredibly complicated under the hood. You install software, available at www.torproject.org, or a browser extension. Tor routes your data through a bunch of nodes. Each of those computers or routers is only aware of the node in front of or behind it in the communication route and encrypting the next node sent. Since each step is encrypted, these layers of encryption can be considered like a network with layers like an onion. So if each step is partially encrypted, a compromise of any device in the route will still defeat network surveillance, and because all traffic at the entry point to Tor is encrypted it’s safe to browse anonymously when using, let’s say, a conference wi-fi.
The Tor browser is one way to use Tor. Here, you can simply download the browser, install it on your computer by dragging it to /Applications, and then all traffic for that browser routes through Tor. Open https://check.torproject.org/ to verify.
This is great for protecting web traffic. But for IRC and other traffic you usually need a little more. My favorite way to do this is to have a simple script that configures a SOCKS proxy for Tor. To do so, we’ll first install Tor, using homebrew:
brew install tor
Once installed, simply run tor at a command line and you’ll start routing traffic sent at your computer if configured appropriately:
Next, we’ll need to configure the SOCKS proxy. Here, we’ll do so for a network interface called Wi-Fi:
sudo networksetup -setsocksfirewallproxy Wi-Fi 127.0.0.1 9050 off
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Once setup we’ll use similar syntax but adding state at the end to enable the proxy:
sudo networksetup -setsocksfirewallproxystate Wi-Fi on
Now your traffic should be routing through tor. To check that let’s curl that check.torproject.org page from earlier:
curl --socks5 localhost:9050 --socks5-hostname localhost:9050 -s https://check.torproject.org/
You can then quickly disable that proxy and return traffic to routing normally using the same proxy command as earlier, but setting the state to off:
sudo networksetup -setsocksfirewallproxystate Wi-Fi off
Given that it’s an anonymous system, tor has been used to launch attacks. This has led a number of security products to block Tor. An example of this might be Cisco Umbrella. You don’t want to disable these types of tools too much as you’re bypassing their protections, but sometimes you just need to accomplish a quick task. So to disable that, you might run the following and reboot:
sudo mv '/Library/Application Support/OpenDNS Roaming Client/com.opendns.osx.DNSCryptProxy.plist' ~/Desktop/
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Or just use launchctl to stop it. You can then move the plist back or start the event again, as needed. As Network Extensions become more of a thing this won’t work at some point in the future, but we’ll dive in later to defeat that as well, if ya’ want!Tor is a tool that can be used to proxy your online communications between multiple, randomly selected, global providers effectively anonymizing your Internet traffic. Tor is a free anonymizing service, but doesn’t also encrypt your traffic.Privoxy is a non-caching proxy that also has a certain amount of filtering built into it. Many may use privoxy to do adware removal. But it can also be used to filter information for Tor. Installers are available at http://sourceforge.net/projects/ijbswa/files. Once you have installed privoxy you can access the configuration page at http://www.privoxy.org/config/. Because privoxy is a command line tool, you can also access the help page for that using the following command (using privoxy as your working directory):privoxy –helpBy default privoxy will install the following files on your system:
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